|European School of Urology
|Approx. 45 minutes
In bladder cancer, the landmarks include symptoms such as macrohematuria, urinary tract infections, and lower abdominal pain. Then the examinations comprise of the first cystoscopic biopsy; further staging (if applicable); major surgery involving cystectomy and urinary diversion; additional neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment; postoperative follow-up exams; and imaging.
Time between symptoms and procuring exam results will (in some cases, must) be reported with a time delay. Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) data vindicate the psychological burden for the patient.
Different institutions/doctors, reporting to colleagues, discussions with patients, and further scheduling may lead to substantial delays. This may be a negative for the oncological outcome.
Presenter: Prof. Arnulf Stenzl
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European School of Urology