Urology Cheat Sheets

Optimise your understanding of the EAU Guidelines with Urology Cheat Sheets. Urology Cheat Sheets offer a simple and quick way to get an overview of the latest EAU Guidelines. It summarizes the main content regarding epidemiology, diagnosis, management and evaluation in a handy one-sheet synopsis per guideline. The Cheat Sheets will be regularly updated and completed in the coming months.


Urethral Strictures

Definition, epidemiology, aetiology, classification and diagnostic evaluation

In males, urethral stricture is defined as a narrowed segment of the urethra due to a process of fibrosis and cicatrisation of the mucosa and surrounding tissue. Meatal stenosis is generally accepted as a short distal narrowing at the meatus, without involvement of the fossa navicularis. Female urethral stricture is defined as a ‘fixed anatomical narrowing’ causing reduced urethral calibre. Majority of series define a urethral calibre < 14 Fr as diagnostic for female stricture.

Sexual and Reproductive Health

Male hypogonadism: epidemiology and prevalence

Male hypogonadism is characterized by decreased production of androgens and/or impaired sperm production caused by poor testicular function or as a result of inadequate stimulation of the testes by the hypothalamic-pituitary axis.
The prevalence increases with age and the major causes are central obesity, co-morbidity and overall poor health.

Testicular Cancer

Epidemiology, staging and diagnosis

1% of adult neoplasms and 5% of urological tumours. Its incidence has increased particularly in industrialised countries. Find out the epidemiology, staging and diagnosis here.

Paediatric Urology

Phimosis and undescended testes

Phimosis and undescended testes are two common conditions in paediatric patients. It is important to know their epidemiology, diagnosis and management.

Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma

Epidemiology, classification, diagnosis and prognosis

Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma accounts for 5–10% of urothelial carcinomas, but is invasive in two out of three patients at diagnosis. In this sheet you can find the epidemiology, diagnosis and prognosis of this cancer.

Urological trauma

Overview and renal trauma

Renal trauma occurs in up to 5% of all trauma cases and can be mostly managed non-operatively. Find out the management algorithm here.

Renal Cell Carcinoma

Epidemiology, histology and staging

Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) is the most common solid lesion within the kidney, accounting for approximately 90% of all kidney malignancies. In this sheet you can find the epidemiology, histology and staging of this cancer.

Urological Infections

Classification, Asymptomatic bacteriuria, and uncomplicated cystitis

Urinary growth of bacteria in an asymptomatic individual is common and corresponds to a commensal colonisation. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are classified as Uncomplicated, Complicated, Recurrent, Catheter-associated, and Urosepsis. Find out more on their classification, the role of asymptomatic bacteriuria, and uncomplicated cystitis here.